- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
Modern Germany had not been created until 1871. In the 19th and early 20th centuries strong nationalist ideas had developed. Many right-wing Germans believed that the German people were the ‘Master race’.
At the end of the First World War there was extreme poverty and unrest in Germany.
The huge loss of life in the war had made people think that life was cheap and there was nothing to lose. This led to trends in cultural and social life which many ordinary people saw as self-indulgent. Hitler wanted to clean up Germany and to return it to a strong tradition of order.