Despite the poor conditions and tight control by the Judenraat, inhabitants managed to develop a number of ‘underground’ organisations. There was a wide range of political parties and many active youth groups. These organisations ran cultural, educational and religious events within the ghetto.
In spite of the horrors surrounding them, the Jews tried to live a normal life with theatre groups, concerts and a lending library.
Many illegal political meetings were held and publications produced. The ‘Chronicle of the Lodz ghetto’ was one such underground publication that today provides evidence of life within the ghetto.
Quite often the children took on the responsibility of smuggling in extra food to supplement the meagre rations of the families, despite the danger of death if they were caught outside of the ghetto.