- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
Frank Foley was a World War One veteran who was recruited into the British Secret Intelligence Service. He became a successful spy and was stationed in Berlin from 1922 to 1939.
Foley used his cover position as a passport officer at the British embassy to save thousands of Jews. Although he did not have diplomatic immunity, he entered concentration camps and issued visas to Jews so that they would be free to travel out of Germany. On more than one occasion Foley entered Sachsenhausen concentration camp to issue visas and travel documents.
By November 1938, Foley and his wife were sheltering Jews in their Berlin apartment. One of these people was Leo Baeck, chairman of the Association of German Rabbis. Before returning to England at the outbreak of war, Foley left a pile of visas and instructions for their distribution to Jews who were fleeing Germany.
Foley risked his own life to save the lives of others. Had he been caught he would have suffered at the hands of the Nazis. Foley’s actions enabled over 10,000 people to escape the Nazi terror.
Frank Foley was recognised as Righteous Amongst the Nations on 25 February 1999.