- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
Jane Haining, who was born in 1897, was a Scottish Christian woman.
Haining was appointed as matron of the Girls’ Home of the Scottish Mission in Budapest, Hungary, in 1932. She cared for around 400 children from aged six to 16 years. Most of the girls were Jewish.
In 1940, as the situation within Hungary became dangerous, the Scottish missionaries were ordered to leave. Haining refused to leave and give up the children.
In March 1944 the German army occupied Hungary and began deporting Jews. On 25 April 1944, two Gestapo men appeared at the mission where Jane Haining worked. They searched her office before giving her just 15 minutes to gather her belongings. She was taken for interrogation.
Haining was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau. She wrote postcards to her friends. Her last message asked for food. She ended her letter with the words: “There is not much to report here on the way to heaven.”
Haining died of starvation in July 1944. She was just 47 years old.
Yad Vashem recognised Jane Haining as ‘Righteous Among the Nations’ on 27 January 1997, the 52nd anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz.