- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
By 1945 the Nazis had murdered six million Jews.
For many of the survivors within mainland Europe, the defeat of Germany did not bring instant freedom.
Some of the liberated camp survivors were so disease-ridden and weakened by lack of food that they died after liberation.
There were 10 million refugees in Europe at the end of the war. Many of them were forced labourers as well as camp inmates. The Red Cross and other relief organisations did all they could to help send these victims home. The situation for Jews was far more difficult. Many of them did not have homes, families or communities to go back to.