- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
In November 1923 Adolf Hitler was convinced that the Weimar Republic would collapse. Accompanied by armed members of the NSDAP, he entered a beer hall in Munich and announced he was going to take control of the government.Erich Ludendorff, a famous German military leader from the First World War, supported him. Hitler claimed he was forming a provisional government.
However, while he and his supporters were marching through the streets, the group was fired upon by police and easily dispersed. People were killed, and Hitler was arrested and put on trial.
At his trial, Hitler addressed the Court with political and antisemitic speeches. He was found guilty of treason, but the court sentenced him to only five years in prison.
In the end, Hitler spent only nine months in Landsberg Prison. During that time he was given enough freedom to be able to write his book Mein Kampf, which means ‘My struggle’. Ludendorff was acquitted entirely.