Political weaknesses

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The constitution of the Weimar Republic meant that there would be no monarch. Instead there would be a president, whose power would be limited by the parliament, which in Germany was called the ‘Reichstag'. The voting system led to no one party having overall power (see chart above).

Some people who were powerful under the Kaiser still held positions of power in the new system. Consequently, many of the old landowners, civil servants and military leaders still had enormous influence.

It became impossible for all these people to agree with each other for long enough to keep a government together. As people in one government disagreed and ceased to support it, it would collapse. This led to many changes of government and made managing Germany’s political and economic problems very difficult indeed.