How did organisations respond?

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Catholic women join with Jewish New Yorkers to protest against the Nazis outside the German Consulate, New York. Why did the Catholic leadership not follow their example? Discover more by reading this section.
© 2012 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

There were many calls, from Jewish and Zionist organisations, for diplomatic and military action to save the Jews of Europe. 

However, as you will have seen in previous sections of The Holocaust Explained, governments were far from supportive of the plight of the European Jews.

By examining the resources within this section, you will learn how a variety of non-governmental organisations responded. These groups include the International Red Cross and the Christian Churches within Germany and across Europe. 

You might want to consider:

  • Why did some groups and organisations make a positive choice to help the Jews?
  • Why did some organisations simply choose to stand by and watch the Nazis carryout their plans to wipe out the Jews of Europe?
  • Why did some groups initially show support for the Nazis, but then change their mind and oppose some of their policies and actions?