- What was the Holocaust?
- What Is genocide?
- Memories of pre-war life
- The Nazi rise to power
- The Nazification of Germany
- The Nazi impact on Europe
- The Nazi camp system
- The Final Solution
- How did the world respond?
- Survival and legacy
Portrait of a Yugoslavian Jewish family living in hiding in Kamza, Albania. © 2012 USHMM
Why did Albania succeed in saving the Jews when all other countries failed?
Look back to the responses section of this site.
Find other examples of people helping the Jews. Ar ethere any similarities and differences between these situations?
Why do you think so few helped the Jews of Europe?
Albania had only 200 Jews before the war. However, the country became a safe haven for Jews and proved refuge for several thousands of Jewish refugees from other countries,
When, in 1943, the Nazis requested from the Albanian authorities a list of the country's Jews, they refused to comply.
The Albanian underground saved the Jews by taking them from towns and cities. The Albanians took the Jews into their homes and treated them as part of the family. They also hid them in the countryside. The hidden Jews were also given false identities and Albanian names.
The underground resistance warned that anyone who handed over a Jew to the Nazis would be executed.
The protection of Jews in Albania continued to be a priority for the local population even after the occupation of the country by the Nazis in1943, after the controlling Italian forces capitulated to the Germans.
In this way some 2000 Jews were saved from Nazi persecution.
The Albanian people live by a code of honour known as ‘besa’. Besa is a uniquely Albanian concept that says a guest in one’s home must be protected at all costs.
As the Jewish refugees were ‘guests’ within Albanian borders, the citizens of Albania were duty bound to protect them.