What became of the perpetrators?

USHMM 08588(Nat Archives and records admin,collelge park,MD- Nuremberg Tribunal. Chart shows where defendants fit  scheme Nazi party 22.11.1945.jpg
The Nuremberg Tribunal at the Palace of Justice, Nuremberg, Germany, 22 November 1945.
© 2012 United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.

After World War II, the Allies decided to bring to justice those accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity.

Trials of leading German officials took place between 18 October 1945 and 1 October 1946 in Nuremberg, Germany, before judges representing the Allied powers. These are now known as the Nuremberg Trials.

However the vast majority of perpetrators escaped prosecution. Many of them went back to their pre-war lives. Many more Nazi war criminals escaped to countries outside Europe.