Nazi race theory saw many groups as ’undesirables’: Jews, Roma, black Germans, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and the mentally and physically disabled. These people were not supposed be part of the new ‘racially pure’ Germany.
During the early 1920s some of the French troops occupying the Rhineland had been of North African descent. Some of these men had developed relationships with German women, resulting in children being born. Children were also born to people from Germany’s African colonies who had settled in Germany. The Nazis saw these mixed race children as ’inferior’ to the Aryans.
After 1933 almost 400 black Germans were part of a compulsory sterilisation programme. Between 1939 and 1945, under the shadow of war, many of them disappeared without trace.
The following sections describe how the Nazis dealt with Roma, homosexuals, Jehovah’s Witnesses and the mentally and physically disabled peoples.