At the beginning of 1919 Germany developed a new system of government. What resulted became known as the Weimar Republic. What was the Weimar Republic? How did the government deal with the many problems that the country faced over the next few years?
When the Kaiser abdicated, power was handed to the leader of the moderate left-wing Social Democratic Partyy, Friedrich Ebert. This did not stop the food shortages or the civil unrest and street battles between rival political groups. Ebert tried to create a new system of government to solve the problems and end unrest. Despite the violence, elections were held on 19 January 1919. The democratic parties won 80 per cent of the vote. Germany was in such a state of unrest that the first meeting of the National Assembly could not even take place in the capital city, Berlin. It met instead in the town of Weimar, earning the new nation the name ‘Weimar Republic’.