- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
Hitler was convinced that Aryan Germany could and ought to be a supremely powerful nation and therefore could not believe it was possible for them to have lost the war by their own devices. His view was that somebody must have betrayed Germany.
Following the First World War, the victorious Allies forced Germany to pay huge amounts of money and goods in compensation. They also took away German lands. Hitler along with many others felt that Germany was being treated unfairly.
The elected German government (the Weimar Government) faced enormous problems. Unhappy people wanted a leader who could make Germany strong again. Hitler firmly believed that he could be this man.