Central to the belief system of Nazism was the idea that race determined a person’s place in the world. Germans, along with the British and Scandinavians, were considered to be Aryan. By bloodline, the Nazis were the ‘Master race’ and only they could rule.
The Nazis believed that several groups including Jews, Roma, black Germans, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and the mentally and physically disabled were undesirables and did not fit into German society. The Nazi Party used all the propaganda at their disposal to reinforce these views to the German public.
The role of women
In order to increase the master race and to fit in with Nazi philosophy, women had a specific role. Discouraged from the workplace, seen as subservient to men, their job was to be mothers, organise the home and produce children for the master race. Their role was referred to as the ‘Three Ks’: Kinder, Kirche, Kuche (children, church, cooking).
Furthermore, men and women were encouraged to marry, by being given loans, equivalent to half a year’s pay. If they produced more than four children, the loan did not have to be repaid. In addition, they were awarded a bronze medal. Couples who had six children were awarded a silver medal and those with eight got a gold.
The Nazis again used widespread propaganda and peer pressure to encourage women to be subservient, choose a husband of the same blood, keep in good health and be physically fit in order to have many children. In keeping with Nazi ideas, they were also encouraged to wear traditional dress.