Nazi treatment of homosexuals

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Homosexuals were seen as ’undesirables’ in Nazi Germany as they failed to meet the Nazi ideals to create Aryan offspring. As a result they were persecuted. In all, 15,000 homosexual adults were rounded up and sent to concentration camps.

Many homosexuals were castrated as a form of control, treatment or punishment. Any member of the SS who was thought to be homosexual was sent to a camp where many of them were killed.

  • Richard Grune

    Artist Richard Grune, was an artist who trained at the famous Bauhaus school in Weimar. In 1933 he moved to Berlin to carry on his work.

    Grune was arrested and interrogated in December 1934. He admitted to being homosexual and was held in ‘protective custody’. After five months, Grune was transferred to birthplace on the German-Danish border. There he was tried for breaking paragraph 175 of the German criminal code. He was sentenced to 15 months imprisonment.

    After his release, Grune was again held in ‘protective custody’. In October 1937 he was sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp. From there he was transferred, in April 1940, to Flossenbürg, where he stayed there for the next five years.

    Grune escaped during the evacuation of the Flossenbürg camp and joined his sister in Kiel.

    Richard Grune spent most of the remainder of his life in Spain. He spent much this time producing artworks depicting his experiences and those of other camp survivors. He later returned to Kiel, where he died in 1983.