- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
The genocide of the Jews was a central policy of the Nazi state. Many people involved in the process of murder were volunteers; others were simply obeying orders.
Many of the high-ranking Nazis and members of the SS were extremely well educated and understood the consequences.
However, there were many ordinary people who loved the power it gave them, and others who used the situation for personal gain. We call these people the collaborators.
Perpetrators and collaborators were to be found in every country of occupation. The Nazis relied upon them in order to carry out their terrible acts against individuals and communities across Europe.