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During 1975 to 1979 the Khmer Rouge, the Communist party in Cambodia, led by Pol Pot, committed genocide against an estimated 1.7 million Cambodians.

They organised the mass killings of potential political enemies and ethnic minorities. The Khmer Rouge targeted civil servants, former government soldiers, Buddhist monks, intellectuals and professionals.

Much of the population was forced to work on collective farms. Children were taken from their parents and forced to work in labour camps. Whole populations of towns and villages were made to leave their homes. Anyone who refused to leave or did not leave quickly enough was killed.

The Khmer Rouge also murdered many from within their own ranks of whom they were suspicious.