Work camps

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It was not only concentration camp prisoners who were used for forced labour. By 1945 more than 14 million people were exploited in the network of hundreds of forced labour camps that stretched across the whole of Nazi-occupied Europe.

Many of the forced labour camps were satellite camps or sections of concentration camps. Auschwitz, in Poland, had over 40 such satellite camps.

Inmates of the labour camps were kept in terrible conditions, with the intention by the Nazis that death would be the result. ‘Extermination by labour’ was a policy under which the Nazis could supply the German war effort, while also continuing to carry out ‘the final solution’.