- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
During the summer of 1941, the Nazis broke their agreement and invaded the Soviet Union. Hitler believed that Jews had created communism. The war in the East was aimed not merely at conquest but at the destruction of millions of Jews and Slavs.
By the end of the summer of 1941, the Nazi leadership had made plans to six extermination camps on Polish soil. Their sole purpose was murder.
These six extermination camps were:
This section provides details of each of these camps, how they were administered, who administered them and who the victims were.