- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
Hitler left Landsberg Prison in December 1924, having served only nine months of his sentence for treason. While Hitler was in prison, life in Germany began to improve. The economic situation had got better, and people were less desperate for extreme solutions to help relieve their circumstances.
In the Reichstag elections of December 1924, the Nazis won 3 per cent of the vote, while the Social Democratic Party (SPD) won 26 per cent.
Hitler wanted to gain power over the country and, after the failure of his attempt to overthrow the government (‘putsch’), he realised he would have to use the democratic methods of the Weimar Republic.
In February 1925 Hitler told the NSDAP that, instead of using force, they would stand for election and campaign for votes. Initially, this was not very successful. In 1928 the NSDAP got only 2.6 per cent of the vote, gaining 12 seats in the Reichstag. Despite this, the Nazis were well organised with more than 100,000 members throughout Germany.