- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
The end of the war brought chaos and confusion to Germany. After the Kaiser had left, there were many groups who thought now was the time to make changes to the way the country was governed.
The was no strong leader to control the country. People were fighting in the streets, and there were severe shortages of food.
Some of them in the political centre (see first slide above) believed that Germany should become a democracy. Others towards the right (see first slide above) believed that strong, military leadership was the only way to keep society safe. Those on the far left (see first slide above) thought that communism was a fairer form of government.
These differences in ideas resulted in severe conflicts throughout Germany. Political parties on the extreme left and right resorted to violent methods to promote their beliefs.
During the next four years there were several attempts by extremist groups to take over the country.