- What was the Holocaust?
- Judaism and Jewish life
- What is antisemitism?
- How did the Nazis gain power?
- Life in Nazi-controlled Europe
- What were camps?
- What was the Final Solution?
- How did people respond?
- Survival and legacy
In September 1919 Hitler joined the German Workers’ Party, a small, extreme nationalist group with approximately 40 members. It soon changed its name to the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazionalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei – NSDAP or ‘Nazi’ for short.)
By July 1921 Hitler was leader of the party. He was a powerful populist. He persuaded unemployed people and war-veterans in the bierkellers (‘beer cellars’) of Munich that the Jews and Communists were responsible for all the problems in Germany. By November 1921 the Nazis had 3,000 members, with Hitler recognised as ‘F?hrer’(leader).