Prior to the Holocaust, there were thriving Jewish communities across the world.
The largest population of Jews before the Holocaust was in Eastern Europe, with a community of 3,000,000 in Poland, 2,525,000 in Russia, and 980,000 in Romania. The size of this Jewish population in these countries meant that they made a huge contribution to the culture. In Western Europe, in countries such as Britain and Germany, many Jews were assimilated into the culture of the country in which they lived. Most of these countries had sizeable Jewish communities, with 300,000 Jews living in Britain, and 565,000 living in Germany.
This educational resource focuses on pre-Nazi era life.
All sources are courtesy of The Wiener Holocaust Library and can be reproduced for educational purposes only. The Wiener Holocaust Library should be acknowledged in all reproductions.