Freddie Knoller was born into a Jewish family in 1921 in Vienna, Austria. Freddie lived with his two parents and two older brothers, Otto and Eric.

Following the Nazi annexation of Austria in March 1938, Freddie’s parents decided the country was no longer safe for their children, and all three of the brothers were sent abroad.

Freddie travelled to Antwerp, Belgium, where he lived until Nazi Germany invaded and annexed Belgium in May 1940. Freddie was arrested trying to cross the French border and then detained in an internment camp, but he managed to escape. He travelled to Gaillac, where his aunt and uncle lived and found refuge with them.

Soon after, Freddie moved to Paris, where he earned money under false papers . After being arrested by a Gestapo officer, Freddie decided to flee Paris and moved to south-west France where he joined a resistance group.

After being betrayed to the Vichy police, he was tortured and sent to Drancy Transit Camp. In October 1943 Freddie was deported to Auschwitz Birkenau. He was imprisoned in Auschwitz until 18 January 1945, when he was evacuated on a death march to Mittelbau-Dora concentration camp. From Mittelbau-Dora the prisoners were again evacuated to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where Freddie was eventually liberated on 15 April 1945.

After the war, Freddie married and settled in Britain.

image for Freddie Knoller